A group of employees of the Institute of Botany of the Ministry of Science and Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan, led by Ph.D. associate professor Rena Abdiyeva, went on an expedition to the Neftchala district.
The purpose of the expedition was to register the early spring flora of the Caspian Sea coast and to study the current state of vegetation. The studies were carried out in the area where the Kura River flows into the Caspian Sea, the coastal zone of the Caspian Sea (30 km), and in the villages of Uzunbabali, Banka, Yenikend, Girmizi Shafag, Garaveli, İkinci Mayak, Birinci mayak, Hasanabad, Mirzagurbanli, Mikayilli, Shirvanli.
During the field researches, it was found that the distribution of tamarisk formations in the vegetation of the district is zonal in nature. Fishing and grazing factors in the area where the Kura River joinsthe Caspian Sea in Neftchala district create conditions for the emergence of a strong desertification process. Also, the development of tourism in the seaside areas of Neftchala district is expected to have a negative impact on vegetation.